How to buy ETF 2021 ?

how to buy etf

Table of Contents

Investing in Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) is one of the most traditional ways to profit from securities investments. ETFs are excellent investment vehicles for novice, experienced, and seasoned investors alike. For investors, especially newcomers, are wealth-building tools. By selecting the correct broker, you can invest in ETFs in a variety of ways. 

You can buy ETFs for a variety of asset classes, including equities, foreign currency pairs, commodities, and now Bitcoin, which was listed on the NYSE in October. Therefore, choosing the right brokerage business is essential in achieving your financial objectives. As a result, you can manage your portfolio while making some money by investing in ETFs.

What is an ETF?

An ETF is a type of investment that, like stocks, may be exchanged on a stock exchange. An ETF is sometimes known as a basket of securities. ETFs can hold a wide range of assets, but traders should search for an ETF that holds companies in a specific industry.

ETFs are used to track stocks, indices, and commodities. The ETF can also be bought and sold directly from a trader’s brokerage account. Furthermore, due to the daily price swings created by buying and selling ETF shares, ETFs have a high level of liquidity. As a result, ETFs were less costly than many other investment options. 

ETFs can hold a wide range of assets, but traders should search for an ETF that holds companies in a specific industry.An ETF, unlike stocks, can hold a variety of underlying assets. For example, an ETF focused on the healthcare industry would most likely contain thousands of shares important to the field.

An ETF is sometimes known as a basket of securities. ETFs may be a profitable solution for individuals who are new to the stock market. In addition, because an ETF can hold a variety of assets, it is an excellent option for traders who wish to diversify their portfolios in a less sophisticated way.

In stock, only one underlying asset can be controlled. As a result, ETFs provide regular investors with considerably better stock market exposure than mutual funds. With a variety of financial resources, most ETFs acquire a number of asset classes, including stocks, bonds, and derivatives.

They are similar to mutual funds, but the primary difference is that, unlike mutual funds, ETFs can be traded at any moment on the stock exchange, just like stocks. ETFs may be a profitable solution for individuals who are new to the stock market.

How does ETF work?

As previously indicated, ETFs are similar to mutual funds and equities in various aspects:

  1. Investors can purchase or sell ETFs on significant stock exchanges during equities trading.
  2. The formation of an ETF frequently leads to the creation of numerous ETFs.
  3. Buying index shares and exchanging them for new ETFs at the same price as part of forming an ETF.

The fund’s assets in actively managed ETFs are overseen by a portfolio manager. As a result, the expense ratio of actively managed ETFs is higher than that of passively managed ETFs. When it comes to actively managed ETFs, the portfolio manager’s responsibilities increase since he or she must maintain a close eye on market conditions and employ a rigorous strategy to assess risks and invest appropriately

You might be wondering how ETFs make money. Changes in the value of underlying assets owned by a pool of financial resources cause ETF share prices to vary. The dividend value received by ETF shareholders shows how well an ETF provider’s fund managers manage assets.

ETFs can be managed in two ways: actively or passively. Passively managed ETFs, on the other hand, are more reliant on the company’s operations and the performance of certain market indexes in response to trends.

Types of ETFs

There are various sizes of ETFs, and they cover a wide range of industries. As a result, you can invest in an ETF to gain exposure to a specific sector. Let’s take a look at some of the most frequent ways to invest in ETFs.

Bank ETF

ETFs are also highly liquid, so you can trade them on margins and use technical analysis to trade them correctly. Bank ETFs also invest in publicly traded bank stocks. Bank ETFs are very volatile due to the extensive financial activity in banks and other financial institutions.

Index ETF

Index exchange-traded funds are mutual funds that invest in stocks that mirror a specific index. Because ETFs have a lot of liquidity on the stock market, they can be exchanged. Index ETFs have the lowest charge ratio of any ETF. Investing in an index ETF allows you to profit from the profit gain in the index’s holdings. They were the very first exchange-traded funds (ETFs) (ETFs).

Stock ETF

Traders can gain diversified exposure to many firms from a single industry by investing in stock ETFs that contain those stocks. A stock ETF is a mutual fund that invests in a collection of stocks. Like commodities ETFs, stock ETFs allow you to invest in securities without really owning them. ETFs are a secure sanctuary for investors with tiny sums of money because of this.

Bond ETF

Bond ETFs allow investors to profit from the underlying bonds and generate steady income. Corporate bonds, government bonds, and municipal bonds are all tracked by bond ETFs. Bond ETFs can also be used to gain passive exposure to the benchmark index. A municipal bond is a term used to describe bonds issued by state and local governments.

Commodity ETF

Consider gold ETFs as an example. They have physical gold as a type of gold asset. As a result, traders can invest in gold ETFs and participate in the bullion market as gold owners. Commodity ETFs have gold as a primary component. For a variety of reasons, commodity ETFs invest in commodities and diversify portfolios. As a result, gold ETFs relieve you of the responsibility of safeguarding your physical gold.

Another way to buy gold ETFs is through systematic investment programs (SIPs). Because the commodity is not held in physical custody, an ETF certificate functions similarly to a stock certificate.

Industry ETF

An ETF dedicated to a specific industry or sector will include companies that operate in that industry or sector. Sector ETFs are ETFs that invest in certain industries. The performance of companies in the relevant industry can be used to track the success of sector ETFs. An exchange-traded fund that focuses on a certain sector is known as a sector-focused ETF.

Currency ETF

Most people blame exchange rates for the considerable volatility in Currency ETFs. ETFs that track foreign currency pairs are known as currency exchange-traded funds (ETFs). They buy a variety of currencies and study patterns to predict future outcomes and payout more to traders. Specific economic policies and exchange rates of a nation impact the currency ETFs, which causes their prices to vary.

How to trade ETFs?

Many ETF providers can help you invest in ETFs in a variety of ways. Brokers play a crucial role in the process of trading ETFs because portfolio managers are involved in managing your Exchange Trading funds. Understanding the appropriate strategy to trade ETFs, on the other hand, is crucial.

You won’t need a portfolio manager if you invest in passively managed ETFs. In order to trade an ETF, you must carefully choose which broker to use. ETFs can be bought and sold in a number of ways.

  • You can contact your broker and request that they execute the transaction based on the technical analysis required to invest in a certain ETF because they are prone to hazards due to their high liquidity, which raises the danger of losing money. Because shares are offered on an exchange through an investment platform, you can buy and sell ETFs to help diversify your portfolio. 
  • As a result, performing technical analysis before investing in an ETF is necessary. Because these funds are handled passively, their goal is to replicate rather than outperform the index. In order to invest and manage your ETFs properly, you’ll need to pay attention when choosing an investing platform.
  • For further stability, you may allocate a portion of your portfolio to ETFs. If you are unable to undertake technical analysis on your own, have your broker do so for you. ETFs are traded in the same way that stocks are traded. As a result, investing cautiously after thoroughly analysing the risks associated with your investment is crucial. 

Benefits and Limitations of ETF trading

ETFs, like high-liquid markets, are exposed to profit and loss on a continuous basis. ETFs are prone to both positive and negative volatility. For some, this volatility can result in substantial profits, while it might result in significant losses for others. The following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of investing in ETFs.


  • When you buy a company’s stock, your potential profits are purely based on the company’s performance, and the risk is much more considerable. The risks associated with ETFs are much lower than those related to mutual funds because most ETFs are passively managed.
  • ETFs are a great way for average individuals to build a personalised portfolio based on their financial goals. ETFs allow traders to invest in a variety of asset classes, including bonds, stocks, and commodities.
  • Although redeeming funds or shares raises one’s tax liability, ETFs are traded on a stock exchange. Furthermore, because ETFs do not allow you to redeem your shares, they are more tax-efficient. 
  • Dividends benefit investors in a variety of ways, especially when stock values are growing or dropping, as they are in the case of ETFs. The ETF’s cost ratio and management fees are much lower than similar managed products. 


  • It’s accessible to over-invest in ETFs because of the trading flexibility they provide. As a result, this is one of the disadvantages of investing in ETFs. Overinvesting, however, results in higher costs and lower returns. 
  • There are no management fees for stocks, but they will be charged if you buy in ETFs. For managing your Demat account as well as the technical process required for ETF transactions, fund managers charge you a commission. This is owing to the fact that mutual funds and ETFs have a lot in common when it comes to pricing. 
  • Because portfolio managers manage them, actively managed ETFs have more significant management expenses than index ETFs. The costs of investing in ETFs, on the other hand, are significantly higher than those of individual stocks. However, when compared to mutual funds, ETFs have cheaper brokerage expenses. 

Bottom Line

It’s critical to note that you should conduct a brief market analysis before investing in an ETF. ETFs allow you to gain access to a wide range of assets without having to invest in each one independently. Investors who consider all of the risks and choose an ETF that fulfills their investment objectives, on the other hand, are more likely to make a profit. This is a great way to diversify your portfolio, especially if you don’t have much experience trading multiple asset classes.

With the award-winning brokerage firm InvestBy, you may trade ETFs efficiently and profitably to Read full InvestBy review.

Get a Callback

A trusted broker will contact you today.

Trading View

Top Brokers